Un poco de historia: Salud Ocupacional en Colombia

1753
84209

Conocer un poco de la historia de cómo fue el surgimiento de la Ley de Salud Ocupacional en Colombia no sólo es algo que resulta bastante interesante, sino que también esclarecedor, pues nos ayudará a entender como funcionan, en qué están basadas y sobretodo la evolución de la ley del Sistema de Gestión de Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo, y de todas las demás leyes que velan por el buen desarrollo de la salud del trabajador y su área laboral.

En nuestro país a pesar con contar con sindicados y legislaciones, se siguen presentando inconveniente para con el sistema de prevención de accidentes laborales. Entre los motivos por los que aún se presentan estos inconvenientes puede ser el desconocimiento de la ley y el poco entendimiento que hay con respecto al desarrollo de las leyes de Salud Ocupacional.

Como inicia la Ley Ocupacional en Colombia

En el año de 1904, el militar, periodista y diplomático colombiano Rafael Uribe Uribe, trata como tema principal el tema principal en la ley 57 la seguridad en el trabajo, lo que posteriormente 11 años más tarde en 1915 se inicia como la «Ley Uribe» donde se tratan los temas de accidentes laborales y enfermedades profesionales, la primera ley relacionada a este tema del país.

Rafael Uribe Urib
Rafael Uribe Uribe

Como era de esperarse esta ley inició en un momento muy primitivo de la historia, pues aún en esos días se mantenían los trabajos de producción de mano de obra barata casi explotación, debido también a lo precario de los sistemas mecánicos de la época, esto unido a una política cerrada sobre la importancia de los trabajadores, sus derechos y deberes.

La ley Uribe dio inició a las leyes de salud ocucacional, pero le siguieron otras que dieron más fuerza a los planes de proteger al trabajador de los peligros bajos los que éste está sometido.

En 1918 la ley 46 implementaba leyes de higiene y salubridad tanto para empleados como empleadores, la ley 37 de 1921, donde se nombró por  primera vez el seguro de vida colectivo para el personal humano; la Ley 10, la cual entró en vigencia en el año de 1934, donde establece reglas claras sobre las enfermedades profesionales, las vacaciones y los contratos laborales;  la Ley 96 que en 1938 creó la entidad que hoy conocemos como Ministerio de Protección Social.

Pero es en 1945 cuando se afianzan las bases de la salud ocupacional en Colombia, pues es en este año que se aprueba la Ley 6 o Ley General del Trabajo, donde se promulgaban las distintas disposiciones sobre las convenciones, asociaciones, conflictos y jurisdicciones colectivas en asuntos laborales.

Equipo_de_protección_personal
Durante los últimos 30 años los temas y leyes relacionados con la salud ocupacional han tomado especial importancia no sólo en sectores industriales sino también el social, cultural y económico.

El gobierno colombiano ha estado actualizando su legislación siguiendo los modelos europeos, particularmente el alemán y el británico,  y es por eso que hoy podemos encontrar leyes bien estructuradas y nada egoístas como la ley que estipula que la salud de todos los trabajadores es algo indispensable para el desarrollo socio económico del país.

Partiendo de estos nuevos conceptos, se han producido en el país importantes, realmente importantes cambios, los cuales ya están afectando incluso el comportamiento de grandes empresas, quienes ahora de manera más consecuente tienen planteado el objetivo de lograr una mejor calidad de vida para toda la población trabajadora de Colombia. Con respecto a la normativa, las regulaciones en materia de salud ocupacional, están reguladas y seccionadas en tres grandes elementos:

  1. Regulación que cubre la protección y conservación de la salud de los trabajadores.
  2. Regulaciones de ambientes de trabajo.
  3. Regulaciones de creación de entes de control y regulación.

169724_0fffAdemás desde hace ya dos décadas se creó el Sistema General de Riesgos Profesionales, el cual ha establecido un modelo de aseguramiento privado para los riesgos ocupacionales; el principal fin de este sistema general fue en su momento la creación y promoción de la cultura preventiva en el área de trabajo, alentar al personal a usar de manera adecuada su equipo de protección.

Si bien el desarrollo tecnológico no solo ha contribuido al desarrollo de los conceptos de salud ocupacional sino que han traído casi de manera inherente un alto grado de especialización y capacitación en el obrero, lo que hace más complicado su reemplazo, lo que supone en primer lugar una mayor exigencia de su formación y una mejora tanto en sus condiciones laborales como en sus ingreso monetario.

1753 Comentarios

  1. Carrie Underwood is my favourite US contry singer. She is young, beautiful and charming woman in her 30s. Her voice takes me away from all issues of this world and I start enjoy my life and listen songs created by her voice. Now the singer is on a Cry Pretty 360 Tour started in May of 2019. The concerts scheduled for the whole 2019, up to the last day of October. Ticket prices are moderate and available for all men and women with different income. If you are a country music lover as me, then you must visit at least one Carrie’s concert. All tour dates are available at the Carrie Underwood tour Milwaukee. Open the website and make yourself familiar with all powerful Carrie Underwood concerts in 2019!

  2. Today almost everyone uses Youtube or any other video hosting to upload and watch video about cats, free movies and other stuff. But sometimes you want to download a video or a movie and the service doesn’t allow you to do it. That’s where Vidmate is coming to help you. It allows you to get a movie from may services, including Youtube, Facebook, Vimeo and many others. To do this you just need to open video page and click download button. Plus, Vidmate is completely free of charge and very easy in use with your Android! Download Vidmate APK now and start downloading your favourite video to share them with your friends!

  3. I was just looking for this information for a while. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, finally I got it in your web site. I wonder what is the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this type of informative sites in top of the list. Usually the top sites are full of garbage. viagra.

  4. A formidable share, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing slightly analysis on this. And he actually bought me breakfast as a result of I discovered it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! However yeah Thnkx for spending the time to discuss this, I really feel strongly about it and love reading extra on this topic. If possible, as you change into expertise, would you thoughts updating your weblog with extra details? It is extremely helpful for me. Huge thumb up for this blog put up! online canadian pharmacy no prescription

  5. One other important issue is that if you are an older person, travel insurance regarding pensioners is something you ought to really look at. The mature you are, greater at risk you happen to be for permitting something awful happen to you while in another country. If you are not really covered by several comprehensive insurance, you could have many serious challenges. Thanks for expressing your guidelines on this blog site. cialis 20mg prix.

  6. Thanks for the helpful article. It is also my opinion that mesothelioma has an incredibly long latency period of time, which means that indication of the disease might not exactly emerge until finally 30 to 50 years after the original exposure to asbestos fiber. Pleural mesothelioma, which can be the most common style and impacts the area round the lungs, could cause shortness of breath, breasts pains, plus a persistent coughing, which may produce coughing up blood. viagra amazon

  7. It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the future
    and it’s time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you some interesting things or suggestions.

    Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article.
    I desire to read even more things about it!

  8. Hi there, i read your blog from time to time and i
    own a similar one and i was just wondering if you get a
    lot of spam feedback? If so how do you protect against it, any
    plugin or anything you can suggest? I get so much lately it’s
    driving me crazy so any support is very much appreciated.

  9. It’s perfect time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy.
    I’ve read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you few interesting things or suggestions.

    Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article.
    I wish to read even more things about it!

  10. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly. cbd oil effects

  11. I have been surfing online greater than 3
    hours today, but I never discovered any interesting article like yours.
    It’s pretty value sufficient for me. In my opinion, if all website owners and bloggers made just right content material as you did, the web will
    be a lot more helpful than ever before.

  12. Howdy would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m going to start my own blog soon but I’m having a tough time selecting between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.

    The reason I ask is because your design seems different
    then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique.
    P.S My apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

  13. Un poco de historia: Salud Ocupacional en Colombia – Solución Empresarial 21 Colombia
    Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I genuinely enjoyed reading it, you happen to be a great author.I will be sure to
    bookmark your blog and may come back at some point. I want to encourage continue your great work,
    have a nice morning!

  14. Un poco de historia: Salud Ocupacional en Colombia – Solución Empresarial 21 Colombia
    It’s the best time to make some plans for the future and it’s
    time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could
    I desire to suggest you few interesting things or advice.
    Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article.
    I wish to read more things about it!

  15. I really love your website.. Great colors & theme.
    Did you build this web site yourself? Please reply back as I’m hoping to create my own website and
    would like to learn where you got this from or exactly what the theme is called.
    Appreciate it!

  16. This listing is not complete and there are a few other drugs that could in theory create disturbance and are not supposed to be taken without your medical professional’s consent. Today you can conveniently discover a reputable drug store that offers top quality Tadalafil for sale and could offer you all the warranties its common medicines are made in specific accordance with the highest requirements. The medicines mentioned have actually been stated to meddle regarding tadalafil 20mg canada, causing undesirable negative effects and making this medicine less efficient. As you could need to think about one more medicine that would certainly consist of various components if you are sensitive to Tadalafil or any of its ingredients talk to your medical professional concerning it. Relying on your personal requirements, your physician will prescribe a dose of Tadalafil varying from 2.5 mg to 20 mg, which implies you will be able to take advantage of the treatment as considerably as expected without having any type of adverse effects like stuffy nose, runny nose, problem, muscular tissue pains, indigestion, back pain or flushing (often occurring because the amount is expensive or the patient’s physical body needs time to adapt to the one prescribed). Tadalafil (Cialis) is a powerful prescription PDE5 prevention made use of for the therapy of erectile disorder. This problem can lead to stroke, fainting and also fatality and is therefore essential to prevent.

  17. It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and
    it is time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if
    I could I want to suggest you few interesting things or suggestions.

    Perhaps you could write next articles referring to
    this article. I desire to read even more things about it!

  18. I have been browsing online greater than three
    hours these days, but I never discovered any interesting article like yours.
    It’s lovely worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all webmasters and bloggers made good content material as you probably did, the web will probably be a lot more helpful than ever before.

  19. I have been exploring for a little bit for any high-quality
    articles or blog posts on this sort of house .
    Exploring in Yahoo I finally stumbled upon this web site.

    Reading this information So i’m satisfied to express
    that I’ve a very excellent uncanny feeling I found out exactly what I
    needed. I such a lot no doubt will make certain to don?t put out of your mind this web site and provides it a look on a continuing basis.

  20. The complying with moderate side results might be experienced when you start taking Tadalafil: muscle discomfort, upset stomach, stale nose, aching throat, memory issues, diarrhea, problem, and facial flushing, although they are most likely to be short-term. There is a possibility this adverse effects is associated to taking tadalafil cost in canada, but being older compared to 50, cigarette smoking and having actually been detected with diabetes, high cholesterol levels or high blood stress are feasible threat factors for creating this sign. Tadalafil is readily available by prescribed just. Tadalafil is a therapy for impotence that could provide to 36 hrs of performance for the person using it.

  21. Hi there! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us so I came to check it out.

    I’m definitely loving the information. I’m book-marking and will
    be tweeting this to my followers! Outstanding blog and brilliant design and style.

  22. I will right away grasp your rss feed as I can’t in finding your e-mail subscription link or newsletter service.
    Do you’ve any? Kindly let me understand so that I could subscribe.
    Thanks.

  23. See to it you tell your physician concerning any health and wellness troubles you have or made use of to have, as they might be extremely important to determine which dosage to suggest. can you buy tadalafil online is tolerated well by the majority of patients taking it, sometimes severe side effects are possible. You shouldn’t obtain fretted in instance of feeling dizzy or having an indigestion – these are a few of the typical side results of Tadalafil that in many instances vanish alone. If you think you are not obtaining all the benefits of your therapy – call your health and wellness care supplier however do not adjust the dose yourself.

  24. While the drugs you are taking right now could be great and reliable for you, their impacts can be changed if they meddle with this medication. tadalafil pills online (Cialis) is an anti-impotence medicine specifically designed for men unable to accomplish constructions that would be hard enough to have sex. The following medical disorders are expected to be mentioned for your medical professional to recommended the right amount: reduced or higher blood stress, angina, liver illness, belly abscess, kidney illness, a current past a heart strike, movement or coronary infarction, cardiovascular disease, heart rhythm troubles, physical deformity of the penis, blood cell ailment, or any sort of bleeding condition.

  25. It’s best if you take the dose of Tadalafil an hour before having sex, anticipating it to continue to be reliable for around 36 hrs. Do not take this drug if you dislike Cialis or various other components it includes. Alcoholic beverages can worsen some of the adverse effects while grapefruit juice is understood to enhance the quantity of this medication in your blood. 80mg tadalafil (Cialis) is often taken by people detected with erectile disorder and is available by prescribed or without one if bought at an on-line drug store.